The MRS in International Trade

In 2010, international trade represented 53.9% of the cargo carried by the MRS, as 47.3 million tons were imported and 9.1 million tons were exported by railroad. In 2011, 359,188 containers were transported from Mexico into the U.S. by rail. As a direct consequence of the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), total trade between Mexico and the United States has grown 359% between 1994 and 2011. This change implies an increase in the demand for cargo transport across the international border for both truck and rail services. As a result, Mexico has become the 3rd most important source of imports for the U.S. (12% / $230 billion USD) as well as the 2nd most important destination of U.S. exports (12.8% / $164 billion USD). 8.4% of this trade is done by rail, making use of the MRS and its rail connections to U.S. railroads.